Painted tin, wood, glass, and painted oilcloth
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
“Médrano II” displayed the influence of Cubism on Archipenko’s work. Set off by colour and a back panel that framed and supports the figure, the volumes of the body are articulated through intersecting planes, cone, and wedge elements, and abstract forms. Archipenko challenged the monochromatic traditions of sculpture by using colours and the use of mundane materials such as wood and glass. His creative methods involved no carving or modelling as was tradition, instead, he nailed, pasted, and tied things together and made no attempt to hide junctures, seams or nails.
Born: 30 May 1887, Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: 25 February 1964, New York, USA
Archipenko was an avant-garde artist, sculptor, and graphic artist. He was among the first to apply Cubism to architecture, and sculpture, and analysing the human figure into geometrical forms